International Journal of Research and Reports in Dentistry <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>International Journal of Research and Reports in Dentistry&nbsp;</strong>aims to publish&nbsp;high-quality&nbsp;papers (<a href="/index.php/IJRRD/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all aspects of&nbsp;‘Dentistry’. This journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct, scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled,&nbsp;OPEN&nbsp;peer-reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> International Journal of Research and Reports in Dentistry en-US International Journal of Research and Reports in Dentistry Peg Lateral- Whether to Extract or to Preserve? <p><strong>Introduction: </strong>Cosmetic desires have improved over time and currently, in the modern world, patients not only demand for an assertive smile but also express a desire to save their natural dentition in favour of extraction whenever and wherever possible. Peg lateral, an undersized, tapered, maxillary lateral incisor<strong>, </strong>not only often presents with periodontal complications but also down-regulates the self-esteem of the patients.</p> <p><strong>Aim: </strong>To restore a fully functional and esthetically pleasant peg lateral.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>A 17-year old female patient complained of mobility and bleeding from upper front teeth region during brushing since last 6 months. So it was decided to perform thorough scaling and root planing, root canal treatment #12, followed by open flap debridement with alloplastic bone graft placement #12. Surgical area was allowed to heal for 15 days and after that composite build-up of peg lateral was done to give it a proper shape.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>Uneventful healing was seen in terms of periodontal consideration. Mobility of teeth #12 was reduced after 4weeks and there was no complaint of bleeding during brushing or mastication.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>This case highlights the interdisciplinary approach of root canal treatment, open flap debridement, bone regeneration with composite build-up as an innovative approach providing better results with minimum patient apprehension and long term stability.</p> Goldar Kabyik Madan Ellora Tandon Snehi Agarwal Tanya ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-07-16 2021-07-16 16 21 A Case Report on Management of a Patient Suffering from Severe Trismus with Bilateral Recurrent Pericoronitis Along with Chronic Oral Submucous Fibrosis- A Premalignant Leison <p>A 37 years, old male patient reported with the chief complaint of inability to open mouth since 10-11 months and recently pain and swelling resulting from wisdom teeth of both sides limited the mouth opening severely (&lt;9mm, less than one finger opening) that he could not take solid food properly. After partial relief and mouth opening (12mm) with antibiotic therapy patient was examined and diagnosed as oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) along with impacted molars in both sides. Treatment was planned with conservative approach consisted of pharmacotherapy and physiotherapy for osmf and surgical removal of impacted third molars of both sides. Mouth opening was improved gradually (&gt;15mm after 3 weeks, &gt;22mm after 6 weeks,&gt;27 mm after 9 weeks).</p> Nanda Kishore Ghoshal ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-07-21 2021-07-21 22 28 Air-Powder Polishing: An Update <p>Bacterial plaque is the principle cause of initiation of gingivitis and periodontitis. Removal of this bacterial plaque is essential for maintainence of healthy periodontium. Conventional methods employed for removal of plaque had certain drawbacks like loss of healthy tooth structure causing increased dentinal hypersensitivity, time-consuming procedure, could cause gingival lacerations and gingival bleeding, need to sharpen the instruments, operator fatigue. The air-powder abrasive system produces desired removal of plaque and other debris, surface smoothness with less operator fatigue and prevent loss of tooth structure thereby decreasing incidence of hypersensitivity and gingival tissue lacerations. Nowadays, powders with different compositions, particle sizes and applications are available. The choice of the abrasive powder depends on the device used, the operator’s choice, the type of deposit to be removed and the medical contraindications. Hence, the newer minimally abrasive air powder polishing system is an effective alternative to conventional oral prophylaxis.</p> Sharayu Rajendra Dhande Sangeeta Muglikar Rashmi Hegde Prerna Ghodke ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2021-07-13 2021-07-13 1 15